14. Soldered (sautered) writing

Free Article about Handwriting Analysis

From “Sunday Lessons III”


  • Sunday Lesson #14: Soldered (sautered) writing

By Dr. Erika M. Karohs

Sautered or soldered writing is an important graphological phenomenon about which relatively little is known. This is not due to the fact that it occurs only seldom, but rather that it is fairly difficult to recognize without magnification.

Graphic indicator

“The most predominant characteristic of soldered writing,” writes Lutz Wagner (a renowned German graphologist) “is that there are many letters or parts of letters which are neither connected or disconnected.”Usually, at first impression, the writing appears connected, but at close examination there are many disconnections. Curiously, they do not result in free spaces. According to Wagner, the newly started stroke either touches the previous one or runs parallel to it. He calls it soldering because it is similar to two wires being soldered together.


Graphological meaning

Sautered strokes belong in the general category of cover strokes, indicating the intent to cover up, to conceal. Within this group, however, they are in a special category by themselves.


The meaning of soldered strokes

Sautered strokes signal much unnaturalness on the part of the writer who has to exert a high degree of maneuverability and adroitness to merge the new stroke beginnings exactly with the broken-off strokes. The purpose is to close all openings through which other people could get a glimpse at the psychological make-up of the writer.

In behavior, sautered strokes indicate lack of spontaneity because the writer is constantly concerned about the impression he makes on others. Outwardly, the writer wants to remain impenetrable and “unreadable.” His basic attitude is one of fear that someone will “see through him” and uncover the inner conflicts he refuses to admit to himself. Consequently, he carefully covers all “openings” to prevent others to peek into his soul, his private life of his personal affairs.
These individuals are basically very anxious and uneasy people. They are unable to endure periods of inactivity because such intervals could make them suspect of wasting time with “forbidden” thoughts. Because they are afraid to reveal their inner agitation, they strain to be extra composed and calm on the outside. They make a continuous effort to appear so perfect that no room for criticism exists and no one can fault them for anything. To hide a vaguely sensed feelings of inner uncertainty, they make a frantic attempt to feign composure and to keep up an appearance of confidence.

In combination with vertical slant, the total behavior of these writers is ruled by conscious controls and continuous self-monitoring resulting in reserve and aloofness which they need for self-protection.


Soldered-on loops in the upper zone reveal an attitude, which impels the writer to constantly correct himself so that no reason for criticism from others may exist. It signals a feeling of insecurity, which he suppresses through a superior attitude and through overcompensation. He is deceiving himself about his own ethical principles. He wants to project loftier ideals than he actually has.



Soldered writing


Soldering in the lower zone uncover problems in the sexual sphere or in the area of productivity which they writer does not want to admit to himself and which he wants to hide from others at all costs.


  • Lutz Wagner, Graphologische Forschungen (Stuttgart: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1973), p. 10.


Complete Chapter:

back to Free ARTICLE  1. Rolled Strokes  2. Air Strokes & Alignments  3. Thinking Patterns (1)   4. Thinking Patterns Continued (2)    5. Thinking Patterns Continued (3)    6. Accident Proneness    7. Answers to Quiz from Lesson from No.6    8. More Answers from Lesson from No. 6  9. More Air stroke Discussion   10. Directional Pressure   11. Double Curves   12. Non-Manager Discussions   13. The Letter “M”   14. Soldered (sautered) writing 15. 2 Most Frequent Questions   16. Emphasis


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